How can women fight infertility?

Published On: Jul 30 2013 12:07:55 PM EDT

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Elizabeth Applebeck, contributing writer

Dealing with infertility and the difficulties of becoming pregnant can be a devastating experience for many women who are still in their child-bearing years.

Infertility can start anywhere in the female reproductive system. For example, the ovaries are one place that infertility may take place while the fallopian tubes are another.

Causes of infertility range from tumors to cysts to name a couple. Some women may not even have anything wrong with their reproductive organs to be infertile, but may have low levels of the hormone progesterone which works right along with the hormone estrogen.

Progesterone helps the female body prepare for conception, pregnancy and helps regulate the menstrual cycle. The main role of progesterone is maintaining pregnancy. When a women becomes infertile from not having enough progesterone, her doctor may prescribe her an over the counter fertility drug to help stimulate her ovaries to release eggs for conception.

Clomiphene is a type of fertility drug that is taken as a pill is one drug that is used most often. Brand names include Clomid, Milophene, and Serophene.

Clomiphene should be taken at the end of each menstrual cycle once a month and should never be overdosed or taken for more than twelve months at a time.

Another type of infertility drug, gonadotropins, costs more and is harder to use than Clomiphene.

When a woman trying to become pregnant isn't releasing any eggs from her ovaries, fertility drugs cause these ovaries to release mature eggs once a month.

There will be side effects when taking fertility drugs. Some of these side effects include breast tenderness, mood swings, dizziness, headaches, nausea, and blurred vision. Clomiphene has been known in the past to cause ovarian cysts. Although the cysts are not cancerous, they can be painful and usually go away within 1-2 months after quitting Clomiphene.

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