How to handle a snake bite
Updated On: Apr 09 2014 10:10:00 PM EDT
Warmer weather is here and so is snake season. According to the University of Florida, the Sunshine State is home to 46 species of native snakes, with six of them being venomous. So, would you know what to do or where to turn if your child is bitten?
"I think one of the scariest moments is speeding down the highway at night and the thoughts that go through a young child's head, he actually asked, 'Am I going to die?'" said Cris Daskevich, mother of Dillon, a 6-year-old boy who was bitten.
Last fall, Dillon was with family and friends on a ranch in Houston, Texas, when the boys, muddy from play, used an outdoor shower to wash off. Dillon reached between some rocks to grab the soap when he was bitten by a copperhead.
"When I pulled my hand up I really didn't notice it was still on my hand, but I slung it a couple of feet from the shower," Dillon said.
"I called 911, immediately asked which direction we were going to which hospital based on the question, who has anti-venom?" said Daskevich. "And 911 did not know on the phone but was able to direct me to the closest hospital and they said they did, so that's where we went."
It was kind of scary but I knew that my mom wouldn't let me die," Dillon said.
But when they got to the county hospital, doctors were reluctant to give Dillon anti-venom because of his age.
"When someone says. 'Well, we could probably discharge you in a couple of hours and you might manage that with some over-the-counter pain medication,' watching it you just knew instantly, 'I just need a second opinion,'" Daskevich said.
As Dillon's hand continued to swell, his family called Texas Children's Hospital, which has the only board certified medical toxicologist in Houston, Dr. Spencer Green.
"When I heard that it broke my heart that someone would dismiss a copperhead bite so quickly," Green said.
He explained that the anti-venom available now for pit vipers is the safest and most effective to date.
"Time is tissue. We know that the anti-venom is most effective in the first six hours," Green said.
Green said while the number of deaths from venomous snake bites is very low, without treatment, the damage can be devastating.
"There's the potential for tissue loss and permanent disfigurement or disability, so I think it's important to get seen right away by someone who manages snakes bites so he or she can determine what kind of treatment is necessary," Green said.
So what do you do if you or loved one is bitten?
- Do not try to capture the snake.
- Gently wash the wound with soap and water.
- Keep the limb that was bit elevated and seek help immediately.
- Do not apply a tourniquet.
- Don't apply ice or heat to the wound.
- Do not try to cut or suck the venom.
"It's useless, all you're doing is injuring a bigger wound and potentially infecting a bite, so we don't do that," Green said.
Fortunately for Dillon, his bite is hardly even visible now.
He actually played in a flag football playoff the following week.
Families are encouraged to make a plan and know where you can get treated quickly and effectively.
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